The Forgotten Quantum Number: A short note on the radial modes of Laguerre-Gauss beams
Author(s): W.N. Plick, R. Lapkiewicz, A. Zeilinger, S. Ramelow
Journal: arXiv: quant-ph
DOI Number: -
Link: Link to publication
The orbital angular momentum quantum number of Laguerre-Gauss beams has received an explosively increasing amount of attention over the past twenty years. However, often overlooked is the so-called radial number of these beams. We present a derivation of the differential operator formalism of this "forgotten" quantum number. We then draw some connections between this new formalism and the effect the radial number has on beam stability with possible application to quantum communication. We also briefly outline how the radial number is tied to other physical aspects of the beam (such as the Gouy phase, and radial confinement). These do not necessarily constitute finished results, but are instead meant to stimulate discussion of this interesting and often overlooked physical parameter.