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Universität Wien   Quantum foundations and quantum information theory
Quantum foundations and quantum information theory - Brukner Group
Quantum foundations and quantum information theory – Brukner Group

Quantum non-locality—it ainʼt necessarily so...

Author(s): M. Zukowski, Č. Brukner

Journal: J. Phys. A: Math. Theor.

Volume: 47

Page(s): 424009

Year: 2014

DOI Number: 10.1088/1751-8113/47/42/424009

Link: Link to publication


Bellʼs theorem is 50 years old. There still remains a controversy about its implications. Much of this controversy has its roots in confusion regarding the premises from which the theorem can be derived. Some claim that a derivation of Bellʼs inequalities requires just a locality assumption and nothing more. Violations of the inequalities are then interpreted as a 'non-locality' or 'quantum non-locality'. We show that such claims are unfounded and that every derivation of Bellʼs inequalities requires a premise—in addition to locality and freedom of choice—which is either assumed tacitly, or unconsciously, or is embedded in a single compound condition (such as Bellʼs 'local causality'). The premise is equivalent to the assumption of the existence of additional variables which do not appear in the quantum formalism (in the form of determinism, joint probability for outcomes of all conceivable measurements, 'additional causes', 'hidden variables', 'complete description of the state' or counterfactual definiteness, etc). A certain irony is that perhaps the main message of the violation of Bellʼs inequalities is that our notion of locality should be based on an operationally well-defined no-signalling condition, rather than on local causality.


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