A constructive commutative quantum Lovasz Local Lemma, and beyond

Author(s): T. S. Cubitt, M. Schwarz

Journal: arXiv: quant-ph

Year: 2011

DOI Number: -

Link: Link to publication

Abstract:

The recently proven Quantum Lovasz Local Lemma generalises the well-known Lovasz Local Lemma. It states that, if a collection of subspace constraints are "weakly dependent", there necessarily exists a state satisfying all constraints. It implies e.g. that certain instances of the kQSAT quantum satisfiability problem are necessarily satisfiable, or that many-body systems with "not too many" interactions are always frustration-free.

However, the QLLL only asserts existence; it says nothing about how to find the state. Inspired by Moser's breakthrough classical results, we present a constructive version of the QLLL in the setting of commuting constraints, proving that a simple quantum algorithm converges efficiently to the required state. In fact, we provide two different proofs, one using a novel quantum coupling argument, the other a more explicit combinatorial analysis. Both proofs are independent of the QLLL. So these results also provide independent, constructive proofs of the commutative QLLL itself, but strengthen it significantly by giving an efficient algorithm for finding the state whose existence is asserted by the QLLL. We give an application of the constructive commutative QLLL to convergence of CP maps.

We also extend these results to the non-commutative setting. However, our proof of the general constructive QLLL relies on a conjecture which we are only able to prove in special cases.

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