Renormalization algorithm with graph enhancement

Author(s): R. Hübener, C. Kruszynska, L. Hartmann, W. Dür, F. Verstraete, J. Eisert, M. B. Plenio

Journal: Phys. Rev. A

Volume: 79

Page(s): 022317

Year: 2009

DOI Number: 10.1103/PhysRevA.79.022317

Link: Link to publication


We introduce a class of variational states to describe quantum many-body systems. This class generalizes matrix product states which underly the density-matrix renormalization group approach by combining them with weighted graph states. States within this class may (i) possess arbitrarily long-ranged two-point correlations, (ii) exhibit an arbitrary degree of block entanglement entropy up to a volume law, (iii) may be taken translationally invariant, while at the same time (iv) local properties and two-point correlations can be computed efficiently. This new variational class of states can be thought of as being prepared from matrix product states, followed by commuting unitaries on arbitrary constituents, hence truly generalizing both matrix product and weighted graph states. We use this class of states to formulate a renormalization algorithm with graph enhancement (RAGE) and present numerical examples demonstrating that improvements over density-matrix renormalization group simulations can be achieved in the simulation of ground states and quantum algorithms. Further generalizations, e.g., to higher spatial dimensions, are outlined.


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