Transmission of Entangled Photons over a High-Loss Free-Space Channel

Author(s): A. Fedrizzi, R. Ursin, A. Zeilinger

Journal: 2physics.com

Year: 2009

DOI Number: --

Link: Link to publication

Abstract:

Entanglement is an essential phenomenon of quantum mechanics. Two entangled particles, photons for example, will individually yield random results upon being measured, but these results will always be perfectly correlated, no matter how far the two particles are separated from each other. Entanglement has been proven to be at the heart of a wide range of fundamental quantum effects and it drives exciting practical applications, such as quantum cryptography, quantum teleportation and quantum computing [1], which would be impossible in a world limited to classical physics. A team of researchers from the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information (IQOQI) in Vienna and the University of Vienna, led by Anton Zeilinger, has now reported the successful transmission of entangled photon pairs between two Canary Islands, bridging a distance of 144 km and a two-photon attenuation of almost ten million to one. The result, published in Nature Physics [2], is so far the most convincing demonstration to perform experiments with entangled photons in space.

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