Performing high-quality multi-photon experiments with parametric down-conversion

Author(s): T. Jennewein, R. Ursin, M. Aspelmeyer, A. Zeilinger

Journal: J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys.

Volume: 42

Page(s): 114008

Year: 2009

DOI Number: 10.1088/0953-4075/42/11/114008

Link: Link to publication

Abstract:

We demonstrate entanglement swapping of polarization entangled photons using an

interferometric Bell-state measurement operating at the theoretical limit of 50% efficiency capable of identifying two of the four Bell states. Our experiment represents the highest quality of entanglement swapping so far, with the correlations of the final entangled states showing an overlap fidelity with the ideal Bell states of F = 0.892, and a violation Bell’s inequality for both swapped entangled states. In order to achieve this high-quality operation we have optimized various experimental error sources of our setup including the quality of optical elements, as well as the constraints due to the coherence and the group-velocity mismatch of the pump and down-conversion photons. Our results are relevant for experiments that involve interferences of independent photons and pulsed multi-photon states, such as in quantum computing, quantum metrology and quantum communication with quantum repeaters.

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