Experimenter's Freedom in Bell's Theorem and Quantum Cryptography

Author(s): J. Kofler, T. Paterek, Č. Brukner

Journal: Phys. Rev. A

Volume: 73

Page(s): 022104

Year: 2006

DOI Number: 10.1103/PhysRevA.73.022104

Link: Link to publication

Abstract:

Bell's theorem states that no local realistic explanation of quantum mechanical predictions is possible, in which the experimenter has a freedom to choose between different measurement settings. Within a local realistic picture the violation of Bell's inequalities can only be understood if this freedom is denied. We determine the minimal degree to which the experimenter's freedom has to be abandoned, if one wants to keep such a picture and be in agreement with the experiment. Furthermore, the freedom in choosing experimental arrangements may be considered as a resource, since its lacking can be used by an eavesdropper to harm the security of quantum communication. We analyze the security of quantum key distribution as a function of the (partial) knowledge the eavesdropper has about the future choices of measurement settings which are made by the authorized parties (e.g. on the basis of some quasi-random generator). We show that the equivalence between the violation of Bell's inequality and the efficient extraction of a secure key - which exists for the case of complete freedom (no setting knowledge) - is lost unless one adapts the bound of the inequality according to this lack of freedom.

Note: http://arxiv.org/abs/quant-ph/0510167

File: Link to PDF

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