Twin Photon Correlations in Single-Photon Interference
Author(s): M. Lahiri, A. Hochrainer, R. Lapkiewicz, G. B. Lemos, A. Zeilinger
Link: Link to publication
We show that it is possible to generate a novel single-photon fringe pattern by using two spatially separated identical bi-photon sources. The fringes are similar to the ones observed in a Michelson interferometer and possess certain remarkable properties with potential applications. A striking feature of the fringes is that although the pattern is obtained by detecting only one photon of each photon pair, the fringes shift due to a change in the optical path traversed by the undetected photon. The fringe shift is characterized by a combination of wavelengths of both photons, which implies that the wavelength of a photon can be measured without detecting it. Furthermore, the visibility of the fringes diminishes as the correlation between the transverse momenta of twin photons decreases: visibility is unity for maximum momentum correlation and zero for no momentum correlation. We also show that the momentum correlation between the two photons of a pair can be determined from the single-photon interference pattern. We thus for the first time propose a method of measuring a two-photon correlation without coincidence or heralded detection.