Entanglement by Path Identity

Author(s): M. Krenn, M. Lahiri, A. Hochrainer, A. Zeilinger

Journal: Physical Review Letters

Volume: 118

Page(s): 080401

Year: 2017

DOI Number: -

Link: Link to publication

Abstract:

Quantum entanglement is one of the most prominent features of quantum mechanics and forms the basis of quantum information technologies. Here we present a novel method for the creation of quantum entanglement in multipartite and high-dimensional photonic systems, exploiting an idea introduced by the group of Leonard Mandel 25 years ago. The two ingredients are 1) superposition of photon pairs with different origins and 2) aligning photon paths such that they emerge from the same output mode. We explain examples for the creation of various classes of multiphoton entanglement encoded in polarization as well as in high-dimensional Hilbert spaces -- starting only from separable (non-entangled) photon pairs. For two photons, we show how arbitrary high-dimensional entanglement can be created. Interestingly, a common source for two-photon polarization entanglement is found as a special case. We discovered the technique by analyzing the output of a computer algorithm designing quantum experiments, and generalized it from there. This shows that computer designed quantum experiments can be inspirations for new techniques.

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