Physical meaning of the radial index of Laguerre-Gauss beams
Author(s): W.N. Plick, M. Krenn
Journal: Phys. Rev. A
DOI Number: http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.92.063841
Link: Link to publication
The Laguerre-Gauss modes are a class of fundamental and well-studied optical fields. These stable shape-invariant photons, exhibiting circular-cylindrical symmetry, are familiar from laser optics, micromechanical manipulation, quantum optics, communication, and foundational studies in both classical optics and quantum physics. They are characterized, chiefly, by two mode numbers: the azimuthal index indicating the orbital angular momentum of the beam, which itself has spawned a burgeoning and vibrant subfield, and the radial index, which up until recently has largely been ignored. In this paper we develop a differential operator formalism for dealing with the radial modes in both the position and momentum representations and, more importantly, give the meaning of this quantum number in terms of a well-defined physical parameter: the intrinsic hyperbolic momentum charge.