Divergence of an orbital-angular-momentum-carrying beam upon propagation

Author(s): M. J. Padgett, F. M. Miatto, M. P. J. Lavery, A. Zeilinger, R. W. Boyd

Journal: New J. Phys.

Volume: 17

Page(s): 523-529

Year: 2014

DOI Number: 10.1088/1367-2630/17/2/023011

Link: Link to publication

Abstract:

There is recent interest in the use of light beams carrying orbital angular momentum (OAM) for creating multiple channels within free-space optical communication systems. One limiting issue is that, for a given beam size at the transmitter, the beam divergence angle increases with increasing OAM, thus requiring a larger aperture at the receiving optical system if the efficiency of detection is to be maintained. Confusion exists as to whether this divergence scales linarly with, or with the square root of, the beam's OAM. We clarify how both these scaling laws are valid, depending upon whether it is the radius of the Gaussian beam waist or the rms intensity which is kept constant while varying the OAM.

Note: http://arxiv.org/abs/1410.8722

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