Are there fundamental limits for observing quantum phenomena from within quantum theory?

Author(s): J. Kofler, Č. Brukner

Journal: arXiv: quant-ph

Page(s): 1009.2654

Year: 2010

DOI Number: -

Link: Link to publication

Abstract:

Does there exist a limit for the applicability of quantum theory for objects of large mass or size, or objects whose states are of large complexity or dimension of the Hilbert space? The possible answers range from practical limitations due to decoherence within quantum theory to fundamental limits due to collapse models that modify quantum theory. Here, we suggest the viewpoint that there might be also fundamental limits without altering the quantum laws. We first demonstrate that for two quantum spins systems of a given spin length, no violation of local realism can be observed, if the measurements are sufficiently coarse-grained. Then we show that there exists a fundamental limit for the precision of measurements due to (i) the Heisenberg uncertainty relation which has to be applied to the measuring apparatus, (ii) relativistic causality, and (iii) the finiteness of resources in any laboratory including the whole universe. This suggests that there might exist a limit for the size of the systems (dimension of the Hilbert space) above which no violation of local realism can be seen anymore.

Brukner Group Brukner Group