Bounding quantum correlations with indefinite causal order

Author(s): Č. Brukner

Journal: New J. Phys.

Volume: 17

Page(s): 073020

Year: 2015

DOI Number: 10.1088/1367-2630/17/8/083034

Link: Link to publication


Causal inequalities are bounds on correlations obtained when operations take place in a causal sequence, i.e. in which the background time or definite causal structure pre-exists such that every operation is either in the future, in the past or space-like separated from any other operation. Recently, a framework was developed where quantum theory is assumed to be valid in local laboratories, but where no reference is made to any global causal relations between the operations in the laboratories. The framework was shown to allow for correlations that violate a bipartite causal inequality. Here we prove that the maximal violation of the causal inequality is upper bounded (analogously to the "Tsirelson bound") under a restricted set of local operations involving traceless binary observables. The bound is lower than what is algebraically possible.

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