On the equivalence of Clauser-Horne and Eberhard inequality based tests

Author(s): A. Khrennikov, S. Ramelow, R. Ursin, B. Wittmann, J. Kofler, I. Basieva

Journal: Physica Scripta

Volume: 163

Page(s): T163

Year: 2014

DOI Number: 10.1088/0031-8949/2014/T163/014019

Link: Link to publication


Recently, the results of the first experimental test for entangled photons closing the detection loophole (also referred to as the fair sampling loophole) were published (Vienna, 2013). From the theoretical viewpoint the main distinguishing feature of this long-aspired experiment was that the Eberhard inequality was used. Almost simultaneously another experiment closing this loophole was performed (Urbana-Champaign, 2013) and it was based on the Clauser-Horne inequality (for probabilities). The aim of this note is to analyze the mathematical and experimental equivalence of tests based on the Eberhard inequality and various forms on the Clauser-Horne inequality. The structure of the mathematical equivalence is nontrivial. In particular, it is necessary to distinguish between algebraic and statistical equivalence. Although the tests based on these inequalities are algebraically equivalent, they need not be equivalent statistically, i.e., theoretically the level of statistical significance can drop under transition from one test to another (at least for finite samples). Nevertheless, the data collected in the Vienna-test implies not only a statistically significant violation of the Eberhard inequality, but also of the Clauser-Horne inequality (in the ratio-rate form): for both a violation >60σ.

Note: http://arxiv.org/abs/1403.2811

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