Interface between path and OAM entanglement for high-dimensional photonic quantum information

Author(s): R. Fickler, R. Lapkiewicz, M. Huber, M. P. J. Lavery, M. J. Padgett, A. Zeilinger

Journal: arXiv: quant-ph

Page(s): 1402.2423

Year: 2014

DOI Number: -

Link: Link to publication

Abstract:

Photonics has become a mature field of quantum information science, where integrated optical circuits offer a way to scale the complexity of the setup as well as the dimensionality of the quantum state. On photonic chips, paths are the natural way to encode information. To distribute those high-dimensional quantum states over large distances, transverse spatial modes, like orbital angular momentum (OAM) possessing Laguerre Gauss modes, are favourable as flying information carriers. Here we demonstrate a quantum interface between these two vibrant photonic fields. We create three-dimensional path entanglement between two photons in a non-linear crystal and use a mode sorter as the quantum interface to transfer the entanglement to the OAM degree of freedom. Thus our results show a novel, flexible way to create high-dimensional spatial mode entanglement. Moreover, they pave the way to implement broad complex quantum networks where high-dimensionally entangled states could be distributed over distant photonic chips.

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