Active optical frequency standard using sequential coupling of optical ensembles,

Author(s): G.A. Kazakov, Thorsten Schumm

Journal: Phys. Rev. A

Volume: 87

Page(s): 013821

Year: 2013

DOI Number: 10.1103/PhysRevA.87.013821

Link: Link to publication


Recently, several theoretical proposals addressed the generation of an active optical frequency standard based on atomic ensembles trapped in an optical lattice potential inside an optical resonator. Using atoms with a narrow linewidth transition and population inversion together with a “bad” cavity allows us to realize the super-radiant photon emission regime. These schemes reduce the influence of mechanical or thermal vibrations of the cavity mirrors on the emitted optical frequency, overcoming current limitation in passive optical standards. The coherence time of the emitted light is ultimately limited by the lifetime of the atoms in the optical lattice potential. Therefore these schemes would produce one light pulse per atomic ensemble without a phase relation between pulses. Here we study how phase coherence between pulses can be maintained by using several inverted atomic ensembles, introduced into the cavity sequentially by means of a transport mechanism. We simulate the light emission process using the Heisenberg-Langevin approach and study the frequency noise of the intracavity field.


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