Cold-Atom Physics Using Ultrathin Optical Fibers: Light-Induced Dipole Forces and Surface Interactions

Author(s): G. Sague, E. Vetsch, W. Alt, D. Meschede, A. Rauschenbeutel

Journal: Physical Review Letters

Volume: 99

Page(s): 163602

Year: 2007

DOI Number: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.99.163602

Link: Link to publication

Abstract:

The strong evanescent field around ultrathin unclad optical fibers bears a high potential for detecting, trapping, and manipulating cold atoms. Introducing such a fiber into a cold-atom cloud, we investigate the interaction of a small number of cold cesium atoms with the guided fiber mode and with the fiber surface. Using high resolution spectroscopy, we observe and analyze light-induced dipole forces, van der Waals interaction, and a significant enhancement of the spontaneous emission rate of the atoms. The latter can be assigned to the modification of the vacuum modes by the fiber.

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