Quantum Entanglement of High Angular Momenta

Author(s): R. Fickler, R. Lapkiewicz, W.N. Plick, M. Krenn, C. Schaeff, S. Ramelow, A. Zeilinger

Journal: Science

Volume: 338

Page(s): 640-643

Year: 2012

DOI Number: 10.1126/science.1227193

Link: Link to publication

Abstract:

Single photons with helical phase structures may carry a quantized amount of orbital angular momentum (OAM), and their entanglement is important for quantum information science and fundamental tests of quantum theory. Because there is no theoretical upper limit on how many quanta of OAM a single photon can carry, it is possible to create entanglement between two particles with an arbitrarily high difference in quantum number. By transferring polarization entanglement to OAM with an interferometric scheme, we generate and verify entanglement between two photons differing by 600 in quantum number. The only restrictive factors toward higher numbers are current technical limitations. We also experimentally demonstrate that the entanglement of very high OAM can improve the sensitivity of angular resolution in remote sensing.

Note: http://arxiv.org/abs/1207.2376

File: Link to PDF

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