„Quantum systems as spacetime probes“
Thursday, 18 Jun. 2015, 14:00 - 15:00
Presenter: Ivette Fuentes (University of Vienna)
Where: Arbeitsgruppe Gravitation, Seminarraum A, Währinger Straße 17, 2nd floor
Hawking radiation and particle creation by an expanding Universe are paradigmatic predictions of quantum field theory in curved spacetime. Although the theory is a few decades old, it still awaits experimental demonstration. At first sight, the effects predicted by the theory are too small to be measured in the laboratory. Therefore, current experimental efforts have been directed towards siumlating Hawking radiation and studying quantum particle creation in analogue spacetimes.
In this talk, I will present a proposal to test directly effects of quantum field theory in the Earth's spacetime using quantum technologies. Under certain circumstances, real spacetime distortions (such as gravitational waves) can produce observable effects in the state of phonons of a Bose-Einstein condensate. The sensitivity of the phononic field to the underlying spacetime can also be used to measure spacetime parameters such as the Schwarzschild radius of the Earth.